PLUNGE

PLUNGE
PLUNGE (Lith. Plungè; Rus. Plungyany), city in W. Lithuania. The 15th-century tombstones in the Jewish cemetery indicate that there was a Jewish settlement in Plunge at that time. In 1847 there were 2,197 Jews living there; 2,502 (55% of the population) are recorded in 1897. Most Jews engaged in commerce with eastern Prussia and the surrounding villages as well as in crafts and agriculture. During the period of Lithuanian independence, Jewish commercial enterprises were repressed and a period of intensified emigration followed. The number of Jewish residents in Plunge decreased to 1,815 (44% of the population) in 1933 and 1,700 in 1939. There were six synagogues and a yeshivah with 50 pupils in the town, as well as a tarbut and Yiddish school, a Hebrew secondary school, two libraries, and a Jewish bank. Political and communal organizations of every kind and relief institutions were also active. For a time, the office of mayor was held by a member of the Jewish community. When the Germans entered Plunge on June 25, 1941, they murdered a number of Jewish youths who had participated in its defense. A few weeks later they massacred all the remaining Jews. (Dov Levin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Plunge — Plunge, n. 1. The act of thrusting into or submerging; a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into, or as into, water; as, to take the water with a plunge. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, a desperate hazard or act; a state of being submerged or overwhelmed with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plunge — Plunge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Plunged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Plunging}.] [OE. ploungen, OF. plongier, F. plonger, fr. (assumed) LL. plumbicare, fr. L. plumbum lead. See {Plumb}.] 1. To thrust into water, or into any substance that is penetrable; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plunge — vb Plunge, dive, pitch are comparable when they mean to throw or cast oneself or to be thrown or cast forward or downward with force or impetuosity into or as if into deep water. Plunge carries a more obvious implication than the others of the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Plunge — Plunge, v. i. 1. To thrust or cast one s self into water or other fluid; to submerge one s self; to dive, or to rush in; as, he plunged into the river. Also used figuratively; as, to plunge into debt. [1913 Webster] Forced to plunge naked in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plungė — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Palacio de Oginskiai Plungė es una ciudad del noroeste de Lituania, región de Samogitia. Ubicada en el condado de Telšiai, 27 km al oeste de Telšiai, junto a la carretera Šiauliai Klaipėda. Plungė es un centro… …   Wikipedia Español

  • plunge — ► VERB 1) fall or move suddenly and uncontrollably. 2) jump or dive quickly and energetically. 3) (plunge in) embark impetuously on (a course of action). 4) (be plunged into) suddenly bring into a specified condition or state: the area was was… …   English terms dictionary

  • plunge — [plunj] vt. plunged, plunging [ME plungen < OFr plongier < VL * plumbicare < L plumbum, LEAD2: see PLUMB] to thrust, throw, or force suddenly (into a liquid, hole, condition, etc.) [to plunge an oar into the water, to plunge a country… …   English World dictionary

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